How to Find the Andromeda Galaxy For Beginners

How to Find the Andromeda Galaxy – The Andromeda Galaxy is one of the many groups of galaxies in outer space that can be seen with the naked eye.

The Andromeda Galaxy is approximately 2.4 million light-years away from us. However, even with it being far away from us, we can still see it during the nighttime.

How is this possible? Unlike other galaxies, this one is so bright that we can see it if the area is dark enough for us to see. The Andromeda Galaxy is composed of four dwarf planets (which include M32 and M110, the closest ones in this galaxy).

You can see M32 South of Andromeda’s nucleus and you can find M110 to the Northwest. These are considered to be the brightest elliptical galaxies while NGC 147 and NGC 185 are farther away from Andromeda’s nucleus.

NGC 147 and NGC 185 are more close to the constellation Cassiopeia. You might be wondering about how to find the Andromeda Galaxy location.

Keep reading this article if you want to know how to find this fascinating galaxy!

Where is the Andromeda Galaxy?

The Andromeda Galaxy is found within the constellation of the same name. If you want to find the Andromeda Galaxy, it is advised that you see it in the Northern Hemisphere during the fall season and when its dusk time until dawn.

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Finding the dwarf planet M32 is best to see between late September and early October when its midnight and its high in the West where it will fade into morning’s dawn.

When looking out for the Andromeda Galaxy, it will look like a hazy patch of light in the sky and wide like the full moon. It can also be described as looking like a gray smudge imprinted into the sky. As for finding the Andromeda Galaxy location, here are some ways to see this dazzling galaxy!

How to Find the Andromeda Galaxy :

Here are the different ways to find the Andromeda Galaxy location in the sky:

1. Finding M31 With Alpheratz and Mirach

Finding M31 With Alpheratz and Mirach

You can find the Andromeda by finding the two brightest star constellations within the Andromeda: Alpheratz and Mirach.

An easy way to find these two constellations is to go onto viewfinder and look for two stars Northeast from Alpheratz and Mirach where you will find that the Andromeda Galaxy is 1.3 West from Nu Andromedae (the binary star in the Andromeda Galaxy).

From there, you will see that Alpheratz and Mirach create a right triangle in Andromeda and M31 should lie about 8 degrees Northwest of Mirach and 14 degrees Northwest of Alpheratz.

2. Finding the Andromeda Galaxy With Cassiopeia

Finding the Andromeda Galaxy With Cassiopeia

Cassiopeia is an easy constellation to find in the sky. To find the constellation, look for Shedir, Caph, and Navi. Much like with the right triangle for finding M31, you should see a triangle shape with these three constellations and Shedir is the Southwest constellation that’s about 15 degrees, the one closest to M31.

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3. Andromeda Galaxy With a Telescope

Andromeda Galaxy With a Telescope

If you want to find Andromeda’s Galaxy location with a telescope, you want to use one that is about $300 to $500 or use a beginner telescope (you could use binoculars, but these tend to show less detail compared to a telescope).

You also want to use a star chart (you can print one out on a large scale) or using Stellarium, an open source for your computer that gives you a full plantation of the sky in 3D.

While using a telescope, you want to get away from light polluted areas since this will obscure the vision of the Andromeda and a night where the moon is not out since this counts as light pollution.


The Andromeda Galaxy is one of the coolest, vibrant objects you can see in the sky. The most important thing when finding it is the location. Finding the Andromeda Galaxy Location will help you in finding the amazing space objects within the galaxy.

It all depends on what method you use: you can use the constellations to find one of the common dwarf planets in the Andromeda Galaxy like M31 or if you have a beginner or more advanced telescope. With that in mind, find which one works for you so you don’t miss out on this wonderful space attraction!

Written by : Alicia Barton

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